In October 1916 a comedy in three acts, written and performed by Joseph (Jo) Smith, was put on at the Essendon Town Hall, Moonee Ponds, to raise funds for YMCA huts to serve the men on the front line. A description of the play and the playwright can be found here, and a more complete version , with colour plates, of the program, can be seen at the State Library of Victoria here. There is apparently a copy of the play lodged for copyright purposes held by the National Archives of Australia.
This turned out to be more difficult to photograph than I envisaged. The building is set back from West's Road. Quite a few of the local volunteers were either stationed here with the Australian Field Artillery, or trained here after volunteering. Built in 1911, it is on the Victorian Heritage Database. A very interesting heritage study of the Maribyrnong Defence Industries sites can be downloaded in pdf format from here.
The Tramways Board, Melbourne, the precursor to the Melbourne and Metropolitan Tramways Board, carried a Roll of Honour in its Annual Report to 30th June 1919. Occupations such as "gripman" indicated the extent to which the tram system was still operating cable-trams.
I will post the pages beginning at the end of the Roll of Honour so the first page will be at the top of the blog.
This is a little off-topic for my Essendon and Flemington focus, but it is valuable information not readily accessible and my thanks to Warren Doubleday for arranging copies.
The Teachers College recognised the service of their teacher trainees with three wonderful leadlight windows and two astonishing tiled memorials.
Two of the leadlight windows carry the names of those who served , and those who died in World War 1, while the third features an AIF serviceman. The tiled memorials have been re-established in the building which is now the School of Graduate Studies, University of Melbourne, in Grattan St, Carlton.
Six names from the Essendon and Flemington database appear in the leadlight window memorial:
E C Holmes *
B J Keddie
G R Scott *
R G Scott
C F Sullivan *
F H McNamara
(* those who died)
An article by Jay Miller in 2006 explains the rediscovery if the memorials and the research on them, 'We shall not wholly die' can be downloaded from the Ian Potter Museum website - a special issue of their Magazine "The Trainee" containing all the names of those who enlisted.
A brochure on the memorials can be downloaded from here
And last, but by no means least, a pdf version of "The Trainee: special War number 1919", which contains the names and portraits of the volunteers.
NOTE: Some six years after the event the Ian Potter Museum has removed the items to which I linked (in bold above). The best I can do to cover the subject is to provide a link to a webpage on the Teachers' Memorial Window on The Empire Called website, and you can download a copy of The Trainee from here.
The departure of a contingent of young men with the Australian Imperial Expeditionary Force was a cause for celebration in Essendon, and the volunteers were treated to a concert in the Town Hall, and presented with a program recording their names.
The program features the badge and colours of the local Citizens Military Force Battalion, the 58th Battalion. The artwork may have been prepared by Mayor Goldsworthy himself, who was a graphic artist. Goldsworthy designed, made and presented the first Honour Boards honouring the "Boys of Essendon" which were hung in the Essendon Town Hall.
Linda down at the Maffra Historical Society blog has put up some very beautiful examples of the mosaic style of Honour Roll to be found at the Maffra Library. These memorials Linda believes are by the Melbourne company Brooks, Robinson & Co which advertised in Anglican newsletters. It is possible that the Roll of Honour at St Thomas' Anglican Church in Moonee Ponds is this sort of thing - I do remember it having tiles with names inscribed but can't quite recall the rest.
It appears that the designer of the MMTB Roll of Honour was a young artist of growing reputation, who became well-known as a water-colourist and draughtsman. In 1922 he toured abroad, including the Middle East, and his art shows were well-patronised. In 1941 he was appointed as a War Artist to accompany troops to the Middle East. The illustration above dates from that appointment, and was included in the book Active Service: with Australia in the Middle East. He returned after a few months saying that he felt younger artists would be more suitable. He had struggled in the hot temperatures with the heat drying out his water-colours too quickly. Herbert died in 1945 aged only 52 "after a long illness", so one might surmise that he had been unwell during his time with the 2nd AIF.
Recourse to the online Argus has revealed that the M&MTB Roll of Honour was unveiled in 1921, as below:
TRAMWAYS HONOUR ROLL.
Unveiled by the Premier.
The Premier (Mr. Lawson) unveiled yesterday
the board at the offices of the Melbourne and
Metropolitan Tramway Board erected in honour
of 518 tramway men who enlisted, 71 of whom
fell on service abroad, and 18 of whom received
awards for conspicuous gallantry.
The board is of artistic design in black-
wood, and is erected on the main stair
way to the administrative offices.
It was designed by Mr. H. B. Herbert
In the presence of members of the board
and officers of the administrative staff, Mr.
Lawson unveiled the memorial. The
record of their services, he said, showed
that tram waymen, who spent their lives
in giving public service, had done valiantly in ren-
dering the greatest of all services on foreign fields.
The memorial would stand for all time to remind
us that only by living up to the ideals for which
these brave men died could we achieve the fruits
of the victory they had won. Germany had lost
the war, but stood to win the subsequent eco-
nomic conflict if we by our indifference and
neglect, and our division into sects and factions,
failed to remain steadfast to those ideals of
courage, loyalty, and truth.
The Argus 9 November 1921 http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article4622851
It seems likely that H B Herbert was the Melbourne artist Harold Brocklebank Herbert. The MMTB offices in 1921 were at 673 Bourke St (south side) between Godfrey and King Street. (Thanks to Jenny Coates for her kind assistance.)
The photo to the left shows the south end of the Newmarket Reserve on Smithfield Road. It has been suggested that the conifers along Smithfield Road, some of which are now gone, were planted as an Avenue of Honour with seedlings from the Lone Pine. Can anyone shed any light on this? I can't find any references in the online Argus.
At present the whereabouts of the Roll of Honour which is presumed to have existed at the Depot of the North Melbourne and Essendon Tramways and Electric Light Company is not known.
I have attempted to re-create that Roll of Honour with the names of the men in my database who had tramways related occupations.
If any other local men are known to have worked with the NMET& EL Co, I would be very interested to hear of it.
UPDATE: Information from a reliable source suggests that some of the occupations - gripman and motorman - related to cable trams, which in 1915 were still operating between the city and Flemington Bridge, where they met the NMET&L trams. The list on the website is therefore probably not exclusive to the NMET&L Co.
I have created a number of local history projects for which you will find links on this blog. I am a community historian (ie, not paid) living in Essendon. The content of my Empire Called database (see the link to the PBWorks website) is the result of nearly 25 years' research. I began collecting material for the database of local WW1 volunteers in the early 1990s, beginning with hand transcriptions of Honour Boards in local schools, churches, clubs and so on. It was after this that the National Archives of Australia began making digitised service records available online, followed by the Australian War Memorial uploading Embarkation Rolls of the Australian Imperial Force. The Empire Called blog is a companion for the PBWorks website of the same name.
Time Travellers in Essendon and Flemington is set up in the same way, with a website and a blog to report additions to the website. The website is a vehicle to publish longer pieces of research that are too long for newsletters. It also includes various indexes I have worked on for many years, plus photos from various sources which I date and describe in greater detail. You may find something of use for your research.