This illustrated cover of the 57th Infantry Battalion unit diary for June 1918 is signed by the artist - P Huthnance. A check of the NAA catalogue of B2455 records reveals the probable artist to be Corporal Presley Benjamin Edward Huthnance, who described himself as a 40 year old farm labourer when he enlisted in March 1916. Huthnance didn't arrive in France to join his unit until 16 June 1918, so the May drawing was done after he arrived. Likewise the Brigade Sports day, some events from which he depicted, had occurred before he arrived.
The Sports day had a variety of events that would interest both the athletes in the Battalion as well as the not-so-athletic. If the men didn't want to run in the 440 or 100 yards races, they could participate in the pillow fight or bomb-throwing. The illustration above shows the officers' horse-jumping event and probably the 100 yards race at the top. Musketry was another form of competition. A couple of days before the Sports Day, a special shelter-building event was held, and some of the shelters seem to be illlustrated here. The winning shelter was completely made of grass. On another day there was a competition for groups performing escort duty, and the illustration at the bottom of the page may be showing that. Appendix 8 reveals that L/Cpl Patten, the hero of the hour on his Lewis gun the previous month, took out first place in the Lewis gun competition.
Two further extremely good illustrations follow in the July and August diaries.
Scrolling through the War Unit Diary of the 57th Infantry Battalion for May 1918, this very interesting illustrated front page came to light. The picture would seem to illustrate an incident on the night of 16th May when a German aeroplane, of the Gotha type, was returning across their lines in the Aubigny sector after dropping bombs on the back area. The plane was flying low and only its outline could be seen against the moon. Lance Corporal 3914 W Patten of B Coy brought his Lewis gun into action. Lt H J Dickinson, who was observing, said that Patten's tracer bullets could be plainly seen striking the aeroplane, and it was forced to land, about 700 yards in front of the B Coy sector. Lt Dickinson immediately set off to take charge of the plane, but when he got there found it already in charge of some 4th Division men. One German officer was arrested, but two other occupants had escaped.
UPDATE: L/Cpl Patten was awarded a Military Medal for his courage and initiative in bringing down this plane, and also assisting another section being attacked on a bridge.
Idenitifications of these or any other of the men in the picture would be welcomed. The photo is also located on the Empire Called website. A higher resolution of the picture can be downloaded from there.
In this group of NCOs and Officers of the 4 Field Ambulance are brothers, Sergeants James Edmond and Victor Alexander Douglas McPhee of 1 Violet Street, Essendon. Both accountants, they enlisted within weeks of each other in September and October 1914, and embarked on the Berrima on 22 Dec 1914 with the regimental numbers of 2006 and 2007. Both served at Gallipoli. Jim won the Military Medal for gallantry in 1917. Both were promoted to Sergeant. Only one brother returned. This photo was taken at Ballieul in March 1918, and Victor was killed on 10 April 1918.
Jim is identified in the middle row, third from the left, and Victor in the same row at far right. Jim's war diaries are in the Australian War Memorial collection.
I have created a number of local history projects for which you will find links on this blog. I am a community historian (ie, not paid) living in Essendon. The content of my Empire Called database (see the link to the PBWorks website) is the result of nearly 25 years' research. I began collecting material for the database of local WW1 volunteers in the early 1990s, beginning with hand transcriptions of Honour Boards in local schools, churches, clubs and so on. It was after this that the National Archives of Australia began making digitised service records available online, followed by the Australian War Memorial uploading Embarkation Rolls of the Australian Imperial Force. The Empire Called blog is a companion for the PBWorks website of the same name.
Time Travellers in Essendon and Flemington is set up in the same way, with a website and a blog to report additions to the website. The website is a vehicle to publish longer pieces of research that are too long for newsletters. It also includes various indexes I have worked on for many years, plus photos from various sources which I date and describe in greater detail. You may find something of use for your research.